The mobile industry focuses on spectrum refarming throughout 2017

Spectrum RefarmingWhile the press hype up and distract you about the long term potential of 5G, there is a quiet revolution in progress. Almost everywhere, you will find most mobile operators around the world are quietly reallocating their spectrum, upgrading from 2G to 3G and 4G. Some have switched off 2G entirely. This has implications for smartphones, small cells and infrastructure choices in the coming years ahead.

What is 5G and when will standards be available?

Fotolia 103486890 XSAdrian Scrase, CTO of ETSI, presented a clear and coherent status report of 5G standards progress at Broadband World Forum. It cut through a lot of the hype and uncertainty, providing a useful status update on what it is and isn’t. Based on this and related research, I’ve summarised the status of 5G and considered the implications for Small Cells.

Seamless roaming essential for neutral host success

roamingRoaming, where cellular service is provided by partner networks, has been a tremendous benefit for foreign travel – extending coverage to all corners of the globe. National roaming is used in relatively few countries to fill in isolated pockets that may be otherwise uncommercial. The success of neutral host enabled small cells will rely on successful national roaming agreements. What’s involved and how could it come to pass?

Spectrum Opportunities for third party small cells

Two Tier Frequency SpectrumA number of recent regulatory and market changes have opened up several possible options for third parties to gain access to useful cellular spectrum. These include leasing from cellular operators, sharing in a controlled environment or best effort unlicensed operation. We review possible options and consider the consequences. 

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    Residential

    Residential

    A significant number of users continue to report poor mobile coverage in their homes. There will always be areas which are uneconomic for mobile operator to reach. They range from rural areas

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    Enterprise

    Enterprise

    The term Enterprise addresses any non-residential in-building including hotels, convention centres, transport hubs, offices, hospitals and retail outlets. It's not just intended for businesses to

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    Urban

    Urban

    Urban small cells (sometimes also named metrocells) are compact and discrete mobile phone basestations, unobstrusively located in urban areas. They can be mounted on lampposts, positioned on the

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    Rural

    Rural

    A rural small cell is a low power mobile phone base station designed to bring mobile phone service to small pockets of population in remote rural areas. These could be hamlets, small villages or

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